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Is there an eye-wash station or sink available for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body in areas where corrosive liquids or materials are handled? If you have outside private fire hydrants, are they flushed at least once a year and on a routine preventive maintenance schedule? Are fire doors and shutters unobstructed and protected against obstructions, including their counterweights?

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Are automatic sprinkler system water control valves, air and water pressure checked periodically as required? Is the maintenance of automatic sprinkler systems assigned to responsible persons or to a sprinkler contractor? Are portable fire extinguishers provided in adequate number and type and mounted in readily accessible locations? Are employees periodically instructed in the use of fire extinguishers and fire protection procedures?

Has the employer determined whether hazards that require the use of PPE e. If hazards or the likelihood of hazards are found, are employers selecting appropriate and properly fitted PPE suitable for protection from these hazards and ensuring that affected employees use it?

Have both the employer and the employees been trained on PPE procedures, i. Are protective goggles or face shields provided and worn where there is any danger of flying particles or corrosive materials? Are approved safety glasses required to be worn at all times in areas where there is a risk of eye injuries such as punctures, abrasions, contusions, or burns? Are employees who wear corrective lenses glasses or contacts in workplaces with harmful exposures required to wear only approved safety glasses, protective goggles, or use other medically approved precautionary procedures?

Are protective gloves, aprons, shields, or other means provided and required where employees could be cut or where there is reasonably anticipated exposure to corrosive liquids, chemicals, blood, or other potentially infectious materials? Is appropriate foot protection required where there is the risk of foot injuries from hot, corrosive, or poisonous substances, falling objects, crushing, or penetrating actions? Are approved respirators provided when needed? See 29 CFR Are food or beverages consumed only in areas where there is no exposure to toxic material, blood, or other potentially infectious materials?

Is protection against the effects of occupational noise provided when sound levels exceed those of the OSHA Noise standard? Are adequate work procedures, PPE and other equipment provided and used when cleaning up spilled hazardous materials? Are appropriate procedures in place to dispose of or decontaminate PPE contaminated with, or reasonably anticipated to be contaminated with, blood or other potentially infectious materials? Are work surfaces kept dry and appropriate means taken to assure the surfaces are slip-resistant?

Are all spilled hazardous materials or liquids, including blood and other potentially infectious materials, cleaned up immediately and according to proper procedures? Are accumulations of combustible dust routinely removed from elevated surfaces including the overhead structure of buildings, etc.? Is combustible dust cleaned up with a vacuum system to prevent suspension of dust particles in the environment? Is metallic or conductive dust prevented from entering or accumulating on or around electrical enclosures or equipment? Are all oil and gas-fired devices equipped with flame failure controls to prevent flow of fuel if pilots or main burners are not working?

Are the minimum number of toilets and washing facilities provided and maintained in a clean and sanitary fashion? Have all confined spaces been evaluated for compliance with 29 CFR Permit required confined spaces. Are holes in the floor, sidewalk, or other walking surface repaired properly, covered, or otherwise made safe?

Is there safe clearance for walking in aisles where motorized or mechanical handling equipment is operating? Are materials or equipment stored in such a way that sharp projections will not interfere with the walkway? Are aisles or walkways that pass near moving or operating machinery, welding operations, or similar operations arranged so employees will not be subjected to potential hazards?

Are standard guardrails provided wherever aisle or walkway surfaces are elevated more than 30 inches Are floor openings guarded by a cover, a guardrail, or equivalent on all sides except at stairways or ladder entrances? Are toeboards installed around the edges of permanent floor openings where persons may pass below the opening?


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Is the glass in windows, doors, glass walls, etc. Are grates or similar type covers over floor openings such as floor drains designed to allow unimpeded foot traffic or rolling equipment? Are unused portions of service pits and pits not in use either covered or protected by guardrails or equivalent? Are manhole covers, trench covers and similar covers, and their supports designed to carry a truck rear axle load of at least 20, pounds 9, kilograms when located in roadways and subject to vehicle traffic?

Are floor or wall openings in fire-resistant construction provided with doors or covers compatible with the fire rating of the structure and provided with a self-closing feature when appropriate? Do stairs have landing platforms not less than 30 inches Are stairs of hollow-pan type treads and landings filled to the top edge of the pan with solid material? Are stairway handrails located between 30 inches Do stairway handrails have at least 3 inches 7. Where doors or gates open directly on a stairway, is a platform provided so the swing of the door does not reduce the width of the platform to less than 21 inches Are stairway handrails capable of withstanding a load of pounds Where stairs or stairways exit directly into any area where vehicles may be operated, are adequate barriers and warnings provided to prevent employees from stepping into the path of traffic?

Do stairway landings have a dimension measured in the direction of travel at least equal to the width of the stairway? Are surfaces that are elevated more than 30 inches Are all elevated surfaces beneath which people or machinery could be exposed to falling objects provided with standard 4-inch Is material on elevated surfaces piled, stacked, or racked in a manner to prevent it from tipping, falling, collapsing, rolling, or spreading?

Are dock boards or bridge plates used when transferring materials between docks and trucks or railcars? Are exit signs labeled with the word "EXIT" in lettering at least 5 inches Are at least two means of egress provided from elevated platforms, pits, or rooms where the absence of a second exit would increase the risk of injury from hot, poisonous, corrosive, suffocating, flammable, or explosive substances?

Is the number of exits from each floor of a building and the number of exits from the building itself appropriate for the building occupancy load? Are exit stairways that are required to be separated from other parts of a building enclosed by at least 2-hour fire-resistive construction in buildings more than four stories in height, and not less than 1-hour fire-resistive construction elsewhere? Where ramps are used as part of required exiting from a building, is the ramp slope limited to 1 foot 0.

Where exiting will be through frameless glass doors, glass exit doors, storm doors, etc. Are doors that are required to serve as exits designed and constructed so that the path of exit travel is obvious and direct? Are windows that could be mistaken for exit doors made inaccessible by means of barriers or railings? Are exit doors able to be opened from the direction of exit travel without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort when the building is occupied? Where panic hardware is installed on a required exit door, will it allow the door to open by applying a force of 15 pounds 6.

Are doors on cold storage rooms provided with an inside release mechanism that will release the latch and open the door even if the door is padlocked or otherwise locked on the outside? Where exit doors open directly onto any street, alley, or other area where vehicles may be operated, are adequate barriers and warnings provided to prevent employees from stepping into the path of traffic?

Are doors that swing in both directions and are located between rooms where there is frequent traffic provided with viewing panels in each door? Are all ladders maintained in good condition, joints between steps and side rails tight, all hardware and fittings securely attached, and moveable parts operating freely without binding or undue play? Are non-slip safety feet provided on each metal or rung ladder, and are ladder rungs and steps free of grease and oil?

Are employees prohibited from placing a ladder in front of doors opening toward the ladder unless the door is blocked open, locked, or guarded? Are employees prohibited from placing ladders on boxes, barrels, or other unstable bases to obtain additional height? Are employees prohibited from using ladders that are broken, have missing steps, rungs, or cleats, broken side rails, or other faulty equipment? When portable rung ladders are used to gain access to elevated platforms, roofs, etc.

Are employees required to secure the base of a portable rung or cleat type ladder to prevent slipping, or otherwise lash or hold it in place? Are employees prohibited from using ladders as guys, braces, skids, gin poles, or for other than their intended purposes? Are employees instructed to only adjust extension ladders while standing at a base not while standing on the ladder or from a position above the ladder? Are all tools and equipment both company and employee-owned used at the workplace in good condition?

Are hand tools, such as chisels, punches, etc. Are appropriate safety glasses, face shields, etc. Are power tools used with proper shields, guards, or attachments, as recommended by the manufacturer? Are circular saw guards checked to ensure that they are not wedged up, leaving the lower portion of the blade unguarded?

Are all cord-connected, electrically operated tools and equipment effectively grounded or of the approved double insulated type? Are effective guards in place over belts, pulleys, chains and sprockets on equipment such as concrete mixers, air compressors, etc.? Is hoisting equipment available and used for lifting heavy objects, and are hoist ratings and characteristics appropriate for the task? Are ground-fault circuit interrupters provided on all temporary electrical 15 and 20 ampere circuits used during periods of construction? Are pneumatic and hydraulic hoses on powder-operated tools checked regularly for deterioration or damage?

Is the maximum revolutions per minute rpm rating of each abrasive wheel compatible with the rpm rating of the grinder motor? Are fixed or permanently mounted grinders connected to their electrical supply system with metallic conduit or other permanent wiring method? Are dust collectors and powered exhausts provided on grinders used in operations that produce large amounts of dust?

Are splash guards mounted on grinders that use coolant to prevent the coolant from reaching employees? Are employees who operate powder-actuated tools trained in their use and required to carry a valid operator's card? Is a sign at least 7 inches Do powder-actuated tool operators have and use appropriate PPE such as hard hats, safety goggles, safety shoes and ear protectors? Is there adequate supervision to ensure that employees are following safe machine operating procedures?

Is sufficient clearance provided around and between machines to allow for safe operations, set up and servicing, material handling and waste removal? Are foot-operated switches guarded or arranged to prevent accidental actuation by personnel or falling objects? Are manually operated valves and switches controlling the operation of equipment and machines clearly identified and readily accessible? Are all pulleys and belts within 7 feet 2. Are splash guards mounted on machines that use coolant to prevent the coolant from reaching employees?

Are methods provided to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from hazards created at the point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks? If special hand tools are used for placing and removing material, do they protect the operator's hands? Are revolving drums, barrels and containers guarded by an enclosure that is interlocked with the drive mechanism so that revolution cannot occur unless the guard enclosure is in place?

Are provisions made to prevent machines from automatically starting when power is restored after a power failure or shutdown? Are machines constructed so as to be free from excessive vibration when the largest size tool is mounted and run at full speed? If machinery is cleaned with compressed air, is air pressure controlled and PPE or other safeguards utilized to protect operators and other workers from eye and body injury?

Are radial arm saws so arranged that the cutting head will gently return to the back of the table when released? Is all machinery or equipment capable of movement required to be de-energized or disengaged and blocked or locked out during cleaning, servicing, adjusting, or setting up operations? If the power disconnect for equipment does not also disconnect the electrical control circuit, are the appropriate electrical enclosures identified and is a means provided to ensure that the control circuit can also be disconnected and locked out?

Does the lockout procedure require that stored energy mechanical, hydraulic, air, etc. Are employees required to keep personal control of their key s while they have safety locks in use? Is it required that employees check the safety of the lockout by attempting a startup after making sure no one is exposed? Are employees instructed to always push the control circuit stop button prior to re-energizing the main power switch?

Is there a means provided to identify any or all employees who are working on locked-out equipment by their locks or accompanying tags? Are a sufficient number of accident prevention signs or tags and safety padlocks provided for any reasonably foreseeable repair emergency?

When machine operations, configuration, or size require an operator to leave the control station and part of the machine could move if accidentally activated, is the part required to be separately locked out or blocked? If equipment or lines cannot be shut down, locked out and tagged, is a safe job procedure established and rigidly followed?

Are only authorized and trained personnel permitted to use welding, cutting, or brazing equipment? Are compressed gas cylinders regularly examined for obvious signs of defects, deep rusting, or leakage? Is care used in handling and storage of cylinders, safety valves, relief valves, etc. Are precautions taken to prevent the mixture of air or oxygen with flammable gases, except at a burner or in a standard torch? Are only approved apparatuses torches, regulators, pressure reducing valves, acetylene generators, manifolds used?

Are cylinders, cylinder valves, couplings, regulators, hoses and apparatuses kept free of oily or greasy substances? Are regulators removed and valve-protection caps put in place before moving cylinders, unless they are secured on special trucks? Do cylinders without fixed wheels have keys, handles, or non-adjustable wrenches on stem valves when in service?

Is red used to identify the acetylene and other fuel-gas hose, green for the oxygen hose and black for inert gas and air hoses? Are pressure-reducing regulators used only for the gas and pressures for which they are intended? Is open circuit no-load voltage of arc welding and cutting machines as low as possible and not in excess of the recommended limits? Is grounding of the machine frame and safety ground connections of portable machines checked periodically? Are work and electrode lead cables frequently inspected for wear and damage, and replaced when needed? When the object to be welded cannot be moved and fire hazards cannot be removed, are shields used to confine heat, sparks and slag?

Are fire watchers assigned when welding or cutting is performed in locations where a serious fire might develop? Are combustible floors kept wet, covered with damp sand, or protected by fire-resistant shields? Are precautions taken to protect combustibles on the other side of metal walls when welding is underway? Are used drums, barrels, tanks and other containers thoroughly cleaned of substances that could explode, ignite, or produce toxic vapors before hot work begins?

Are employees exposed to the hazards created by welding, cutting, or brazing operations protected with PPE and clothing? When working in confined places, are environmental monitoring tests done and means provided for quick removal of welders in case of an emergency? Are compressor air intakes installed and equipped so as to ensure that only clean, uncontaminated air enters the compressor?

Before a compressor's pressure system is repaired, is the pressure bled off and the system locked out? Is the belt drive system totally enclosed to provide protection for the front, back, top and sides? When compressed air is used to clean clothing, are employees trained to reduce the pressure to less than 10 pounds per square inch psi?

Are safety chains or other suitable locking devices used at couplings of high-pressure hose lines where a connection failure would create a hazard? Before compressed air is used to empty containers of liquid, is the safe working pressure of the container checked? When compressed air is used with abrasive blast cleaning equipment, is the operating valve a type that must be held open manually? When compressed air is used to inflate auto tires, are a clip-on chuck and an inline regulator preset to 40 psi required? Are employees prohibited from using compressed air to clean up or move combustible dust if such action could cause the dust to be suspended in the air and cause a fire or explosion hazard?

Is every receiver equipped with a pressure gauge and one or more automatic, spring-loaded safety valves? Is the total relieving capacity of the safety valve able to prevent pressure in the receiver from exceeding the maximum allowable working pressure of the receiver by more than 10 percent?

Is every air receiver provided with a drain pipe and valve at the lowest point for the removal of accumulated oil and water? Are all safety valves tested at regular intervals to determine whether they are in good operating condition? Is the inlet of air receivers and piping systems kept free of accumulated oil and carbonaceous materials? Are cylinders with a water weight capacity over 30 pounds Are compressed gas cylinders stored in areas protected from external heat sources such as flame impingement, intense radiant heat, electric arcs, or high-temperature lines?

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Are cylinders located or stored in areas where they will not be damaged by passing or falling objects or subject to tampering by unauthorized persons? Are cylinders stored or transported in a manner to prevent them from creating a hazard by tipping, falling, or rolling? Are cylinders containing liquefied fuel gas stored or transported in a position so that the safety relief device is always in direct contact with the vapor space in the cylinder? Are valve protectors always placed on cylinders when the cylinders are not in use or connected for use?

Are all valves closed off before a cylinder is moved, when the cylinder is empty and at the completion of each job? Are low-pressure fuel gas cylinders checked periodically for corrosion, general distortion, cracks, or any other defect that might indicate a weakness or render them unfit for service?

Does the periodic check of low-pressure fuel gas cylinders include a close inspection of the cylinders' bottoms? Is each overhead electric hoist equipped with a limit device to stop the hook at its highest and lowest point of safe travel? Will each hoist automatically stop and hold any load up to percent of its rated load if its actuating force is removed?

Are close-fitting guards or other suitable devices installed on each hoist to ensure that hoist ropes will be maintained in the sheave grooves? Are all hoist chains or ropes long enough to handle the full range of movement of the application while maintaining two full wraps around the drum at all times? Are guards provided for nip points or contact points between hoist ropes and sheaves permanently located within 7 feet 2.

Are employees prohibited from using chains or rope slings that are kinked or twisted and prohibited from using the hoist rope or chain wrapped around the load as a substitute for a sling? Is directional lighting provided on each industrial truck that operates in an area with less than 2 foot candles per square foot of general lighting? Does each industrial truck have a warning horn, whistle, gong, or other device that can be clearly heard above normal noise in the areas where it is operated? Are the brakes on each industrial truck capable of bringing the vehicle to a complete and safe stop when fully loaded?

Are industrial trucks that operate where flammable gases, vapors, combustible dust, or ignitable fibers may be present approved for such locations? Are industrial trucks with internal combustion engines that are operated in buildings or enclosed areas carefully checked to ensure that such operations do not cause harmful concentrations of dangerous gases or fumes? Are employees prohibited from standing or passing under elevated portions of trucks, whether loaded or empty? When mechanical ventilation is provided during spraying operations, is it so arranged that it will not circulate the contaminated air?

Is the spray area free of hot surfaces and at least 20 feet 6. Is infrared drying apparatus kept out of the spray area during spraying operations and is the spray booth completely ventilated before using the drying apparatus? Are lighting fixtures for spray booths located outside the booth with the interior lighted through sealed clear panels? Are confined spaces thoroughly emptied of any corrosive or hazardous substances, such as acids or caustics, before entry?

Are all lines to a confined space that contain inert, toxic, flammable, or corrosive materials valved off and blanked or disconnected and separated before entry? Are all impellers, agitators, or other moving parts and equipment inside confined spaces locked out if they present a hazard? Are appropriate atmospheric tests performed to check for oxygen deficiency, toxic substances and explosive concentrations in the confined space before entry? Is the atmosphere inside the confined space frequently tested or continuously monitored during work?

Is there a trained and equipped standby employee positioned outside the confined space, whose sole responsibility is to watch the work in progress, sound an alarm if necessary and render assistance? Are employees prohibited from entering the confined space without lifelines and respiratory equipment if there is any question as to the cause of an emergency?

Is approved respiratory equipment required if the atmosphere inside the confined space cannot be made acceptable? Is all portable electrical equipment used inside confined spaces either grounded and insulated or equipped with ground fault protection? Before gas welding or burning is started in a confined space, are hoses checked for leaks, torches lighted only outside the confined area and the confined area tested for an explosive atmosphere each time before a lighted torch is taken into the confined space?

If employees will be using oxygen-consuming equipment such as salamanders, torches, furnaces, etc. Whenever combustion-type equipment is used in a confined space, are provisions made to ensure the exhaust gases are vented outside of the enclosure? Is each confined space checked for decaying vegetation or animal matter which may produce methane?

Is the confined space checked for possible industrial waste which could contain toxic properties? If the confined space is below ground and near areas where motor vehicles will be operating, is it possible for vehicle exhaust or carbon monoxide to enter the space? Are hazardous substances, blood and other potentially infectious materials, which may cause harm by inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption or contact, identified? Are employees aware of the hazards involved with the various chemicals they may be exposed to in their work environment, such as ammonia, chlorine, epoxies, caustics, etc.?

Are spray painting operations performed in spray rooms or booths equipped with an appropriate exhaust system? Is employee exposure to welding fumes controlled by ventilation, use of respirators, exposure time limits, or other means? If forklifts and other vehicles are used in buildings or other enclosed areas, are the carbon monoxide levels kept below maximum acceptable concentration?

Are caution labels and signs used to warn of hazardous substances e. Are wet methods used, when practicable, to prevent the emission of airborne asbestos fibers, silica dust and similar hazardous materials? Is vacuuming with appropriate equipment used whenever possible rather than blowing or sweeping dust? Are grinders, saws and other machines that produce respirable dusts vented to an industrial collector or central exhaust system?

Are all local exhaust ventilation systems designed to provide sufficient air flow and volume for the application, and are ducts not plugged and belts not slipping? Are there written standard operating procedures for the selection and use of respirators where needed? Are employees' physical capacities assessed before they are assigned to jobs requiring heavy work? Where heat is a problem, have all fixed work areas been provided with spot cooling or air conditioning? Are employees screened before assignment to areas of high heat to determine if their health might make them more susceptible to having an adverse reaction?

Are employees working on streets and roadways who are exposed to the hazards of traffic required to wear bright colored traffic orange warning vests? Are exhaust stacks and air intakes located so that nearby contaminated air will not be recirculated within a building or other enclosed area? Are universal precautions observed where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials can occur and in all instances where differentiation of types of body fluids or potentially infectious materials is difficult or impossible?

Are combustible scrap, debris and waste materials oily rags, etc. Are all flammable liquids kept in closed containers when not in use e. Do storage rooms for flammable and combustible liquids have explosion-proof lights and mechanical or gravity ventilation? Is liquefied petroleum gas stored, handled and used in accordance with safe practices and standards?

Are all solvent wastes and flammable liquids kept in fire-resistant, covered containers until they are removed from the worksite? Are firm separators placed between containers of combustibles or flammables that are stacked one upon another to ensure their support and stability? Are fuel gas cylinders and oxygen cylinders separated by distance and fire-resistant barriers while in storage? Are fire extinguishers selected and provided for the types of materials in the areas where they are to be used?

Are appropriate fire extinguishers mounted within 75 feet Where sprinkler systems are permanently installed, are the nozzle heads so directed or arranged that water will not be sprayed into operating electrical switchboards and equipment? Are storage tanks adequately vented to prevent the development of excessive vacuum or pressure as a result of filling, emptying, or atmosphere temperature changes? Are storage tanks equipped with emergency venting that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by fire exposure?

Are employees aware of the potential hazards and trained in safe handling practices for situations involving various chemicals stored or used in the workplace such as acids, bases, caustics, epoxies, phenols, etc.? Are eye-wash fountains and safety showers provided in areas where corrosive chemicals are handled? Are all containers, such as vats, storage tanks, etc. Are all employees required to use personal protective clothing and equipment when handling chemicals gloves, eye protection, respirators, etc.

Where corrosive liquids are frequently handled in open containers or drawn from storage vessels or pipelines, are adequate means readily available for neutralizing or disposing of spills or overflows and performed properly and safely? Are standard operating procedures established and are they being followed when cleaning up chemical spills? Are respirators stored in a convenient, clean and sanitary location, and are they adequate for emergencies?

If you have a respirator protection program, are your employees instructed on the correct usage and limitations of the respirators? Are they regularly inspected, cleaned, sanitized and maintained? If hazardous substances are used in your processes, do you have a medical or biological monitoring system in operation?

Are you familiar with the threshold limit values or permissible exposure limits of airborne contaminants and physical agents used in your workplace? Have appropriate control procedures been instituted for hazardous materials, including safe handling practices and the use of respirators and ventilation systems? Whenever possible, are hazardous substances handled in properly designed and exhausted booths or similar locations? Do you use general dilution or local exhaust ventilation systems to control dusts, vapors, gases, fumes, smoke, solvents, or mists that may be generated in your workplace?

Do employees complain about dizziness, headaches, nausea, irritation, or other factors of discomfort when they use solvents or other chemicals? Is there a dermatitis problem? Do employees complain about dryness, irritation, or sensitization of the skin? Have you considered having an industrial hygienist or environmental health specialist evaluate your operation?

Are materials that give off toxic, asphyxiant, suffocating, or anesthetic fumes stored in remote or isolated locations when not in use? Is there a list of hazardous substances used in your workplace and an MSDS readily available for each hazardous substance used? Is there a current written exposure control plan for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens and other potentially infectious materials, where applicable? Is there a written hazard communication program dealing with MSDSs, labeling and employee training?

Is each container for a hazardous substance i. Does the employee training program on the bloodborne pathogens standard contain the following elements:. Are all employees required to report any obvious hazard to life or property in connection with electrical equipment or lines as soon as possible? When electrical equipment or lines are to be serviced, maintained, or adjusted, are necessary switches opened, locked out or tagged, whenever possible? Are ground-fault circuit interrupters installed on each temporary 15 or 20 ampere, volt alternating current AC circuit at locations where construction, demolition, modifications, alterations, or excavations are being performed?

Are all temporary circuits protected by suitable disconnecting switches or plug connectors at the junction with permanent wiring? Do you have electrical installations in hazardous dust or vapor areas? Are exposed wiring and cords with frayed or deteriorated insulation repaired or replaced promptly? Are clamps or other securing means provided on flexible cords or cables at plugs, receptacles, tools, equipment, etc. In wet or damp locations, are electrical tools and equipment appropriate for the use or location or otherwise protected? Is the location of electrical power lines and cables overhead, underground, under floor, other side of walls, etc.

Are metal measuring tapes, ropes, hand-lines or similar devices with metallic thread woven into the fabric prohibited where they could come in contact with energized parts of equipment or circuit conductors? Is the use of metal ladders prohibited where the ladder or the person using the ladder could come in contact with energized parts of equipment, fixtures, or circuit conductors? Are all disconnecting switches and circuit breakers labeled to indicate their use or equipment served?

Do all interior wiring systems include provisions for grounding metal parts of electrical raceways, equipment and enclosures? Are all energized parts of electrical circuits and equipment guarded against accidental contact by approved cabinets or enclosures? Is sufficient access and working space provided and maintained around all electrical equipment to permit ready and safe operations and maintenance? Are all unused openings including conduit knockouts in electrical enclosures and fittings closed with appropriate covers, plugs, or plates?

Are electrical enclosures such as switches, receptacles, junction boxes, etc. Are disconnecting switches for electrical motors in excess of two horsepower able to open the circuit when the motor is stalled without exploding? Switches must be horsepower rated equal to or in excess of the motor rating. Is low voltage protection provided in the control device of motors driving machines or equipment that could cause injury from inadvertent starting? Is each motor disconnecting switch or circuit breaker located within sight of the motor control device?

Is each motor located within sight of its controller or is the controller disconnecting means able to be locked open or is a separate disconnecting means installed in the circuit within sight of the motor? Is the controller for each motor that exceeds two horsepower rated equal to or above the rating of the motor it serves? Are employees who regularly work on or around energized electrical equipment or lines instructed in cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR? Is there an ongoing preventive health program to educate employees in safe levels of noise, exposures, effects of noise on their health and the use of personal protection?

Have work areas where noise levels make voice communication between employees difficult been identified and posted? Are noise levels measured with a sound level meter or an octave band analyzer and are records being kept? Have engineering controls been used to reduce excessive noise levels? Where engineering controls are determined to be infeasible, are administrative controls i. Is approved hearing protective equipment noise attenuating devices available to every employee working in noisy areas?

Are employees in high noise areas given periodic audiometric testing to ensure that you have an effective hearing protection system? Are employees prohibited from fueling an internal combustion engine with a flammable liquid while the engine is running? When spillage occurs during fueling operations, is the spilled fuel washed away completely, evaporated, or are other measures taken to control vapors before restarting the engine?

In fueling operations, is there always metal contact between the container and the fuel tank? Are open lights, open flames, sparking, or arcing equipment prohibited near fueling or transfer of fuel operations? Are fueling operations prohibited in buildings or other enclosed areas that are not specifically ventilated for this purpose? Where fueling or transfer of fuel is done through a gravity flow system, are the nozzles self-closing? When nonpotable water is piped through a facility, are outlets or taps posted to alert employees that the water is unsafe and not to be used for drinking, washing, or other personal use?

When hazardous substances are transported through above-ground piping, is each pipeline identified at points where confusion could introduce hazards to employees? When pipelines are identified by color painted bands or tapes, are the bands or tapes located at reasonable intervals and at each outlet, valve, or connection, and are all visible parts of the line so identified? When pipelines are identified by color, is the color code posted at all locations where confusion could introduce hazards to employees?

When the contents of pipelines are identified by name or name abbreviation, is the information readily visible on the pipe near each valve or outlet? When pipelines carrying hazardous substances are identified by tags, are the tags constructed of durable materials, the message printed clearly and permanently, and are tags installed at each valve or outlet? When pipelines are heated by electricity, steam, or other external source, are suitable warning signs or tags placed at unions, valves, or other serviceable parts of the system? Are containers of liquid combustibles or flammables, when stacked while being moved, always protected by dunnage packing material sufficient to provide stability?

Are dock boards bridge plates used when loading or unloading operations are taking place between vehicles and docks? Are dock plates and loading ramps constructed and maintained with sufficient strength to support imposed loading? Are chutes equipped with sideboards of sufficient height to prevent the materials being handled from falling off? Are provisions made to brake the movement of the handled materials at the delivery end of rollers or chutes? Are safety latches and other devices being used to prevent slippage of materials off of hoisting hooks?

When seven or more employees are regularly transported in a van, bus, or truck, is the operator's license appropriate for the class of vehicle being driven and are there enough seats? Are vehicles used to transport employees equipped with lamps, brakes, horns, mirrors, windshields and turn signals, and are they in good repair? Are transport vehicles provided with handrails, steps, stirrups, or similar devices, placed and arranged to allow employees to safely mount or dismount? Is a fully charged fire extinguisher, in good condition, with at least a 4 B:C rating maintained in each employee transport vehicle?

When cutting tools or tools with sharp edges are carried in passenger compartments of employee transport vehicles, are they placed in closed boxes or containers that are secured in place? Are employees prohibited from riding on top of any load that could shift, topple, or otherwise become unstable? Is the volume and velocity of air in each exhaust system sufficient to gather the dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, or gases to be controlled, and to convey them to a suitable point of disposal? Are exhaust inlets, ducts and plenums designed, constructed and supported to prevent collapse or failure of any part of the system?

Are clean-out ports or doors provided at intervals not to exceed 12 feet 3. Where two or more different operations are being controlled through the same exhaust system, could the combination of substances involved create a fire, explosion, or chemical reaction hazard in the duct? Is the source point for makeup air located so that only clean, fresh air, free of contaminants will enter the work environment? Where two or more ventilation systems serve a work area, is their operation such that one will not offset the functions of the other? Are employees prohibited from interchanging personal protective clothing or equipment, unless it has been properly cleaned?

Are employees prohibited from smoking or eating in any area where contaminants are present that could be injurious if ingested? When employees are required to change from street clothing into protective clothing, is a clean change room with a separate storage facility for street and protective clothing provided? Are employees required to shower and wash their hair as soon as possible after a known contact with a carcinogen has occurred? When equipment, materials, or other items are taken into or removed from a carcinogen-regulated area, is it done in a manner that will not contaminate non-regulated areas or the external environment?

Does each tire inflation hose have a clip-on chuck with at least 2. Does the tire inflation control valve automatically shut off the air flow when the valve is released? Is a tire restraining device such as a cage, rack, or other effective means used while inflating tires mounted on split rims or rims using retainer rings?

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Are employees prohibited from standing directly over or in front of a tire while it is being inflated? OSHA created the Office of Small Business Assistance to help small business employers understand their safety and health obligations, access compliance information, provide guidance on regulatory standards, and to educate them about cost-effective means for ensuring the safety and health of worksites. Using the free and confidential on-site consultation service largely funded by the Federal OSHA, employers can find out about potential hazards at their worksites, improve their occupational safety and health management systems, and even qualify for a one-year exemption from routine OSHA inspections.

The service is delivered at your workplace by state governments using well-trained professional staff. Most consultations take place on-site, though limited services away from the worksite are available. Primarily targeted for smaller businesses, this safety and health Consultation Program is completely separate from OSHA's enforcement efforts.

It is also confidential. No inspections are triggered by using the Consultation Program and no citations are issued or penalties proposed. Your name, your firm's name and any information you provide about your workplace, plus any unsafe or unhealthful working conditions that the consultant uncovers, will not routinely be reported to the OSHA enforcement staff. Your only obligation will be to commit to correcting serious job safety and health hazards discovered -- a commitment that you are expected to make prior to the actual consultation visit. If hazards are discovered, the consultant will work with you to ensure they are corrected in a reasonable timeframe agreed upon by all parties.

Getting Started. Since consultation is a voluntary activity, you must request it. Your telephone call or letter sets the consulting machinery in motion. The consultant will discuss your specific needs and set up a visit date based on the priority assigned to your request, your work schedule and the time needed for the consultant to prepare adequately to serve you. OSHA encourages a complete review of your firm's safety and health situation; however, if you wish, you may limit the visit to one or more specific problems.

Opening Conference. When the consultant arrives at your worksite for the scheduled visit, he or she will first meet with you in an opening conference to briefly review the consultant's role and the obligations you incur as an employer. Together, you and the consultant will examine conditions in your workplace. OSHA strongly encourages maximum employee participation in the walk-through.

Better informed and alert employees can help you identify and correct potential injury and illness hazards in your workplace. Talking with employees during the walkthrough helps the consultant identify and judge the nature and extent of specific hazards.

The consultant will study your entire workplace, or only those specific operations you designate, and discuss applicable OSHA standards. The consultant also will point out other safety or health risks which might not be cited under OSHA standards, but which nevertheless may pose safety or health risks to your employees. He or she may suggest and even provide measures such as self-inspection and safety and health training that you and your employees can apply to prevent future hazardous situations. A comprehensive consultation also includes: 1 appraisal of all mechanical and environmental hazards and physical work practices; 2 appraisal of the present job safety and health program or help in establishing one; 3 a conference with management on findings; 4 a written report of recommendations and agreements; and 5 training and assistance with implementing recommendations.

Closing Conference. The consultant will then review detailed findings with you in a closing conference.


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  4. You will learn not only what you need to improve but what you are doing right, as well. At that time you can discuss problems, possible solutions and abatement periods to eliminate or control any serious hazards identified during the walkthrough. In rare instances, the consultant may find an "imminent danger" situation during the walkthrough. In that case, you must take immediate action to protect employees. In certain other situations-those that would be judged a "serious violation" under OSHA criteria-you and the consultant must develop and agree to a reasonable plan and schedule to eliminate or control that hazard.

    The consultant will offer general approaches and options to you. He or she may also suggest other sources for technical help. Abatement and Follow-through. Following the closing conference, the consultant will send you a detailed written report explaining the findings and confirming any abatement periods agreed upon. The consultant may also contact you from time to time to check your progress. You, of course, may always contact him or her for assistance.

    Ultimately, OSHA does require hazard abatement so that each consultation visit achieves its objective-effective employee protection. If you fail to eliminate or control identified serious hazards or an imminent danger according to the plan and within the limits agreed upon or an agreed-upon extension, the situation must be referred from consultation to an OSHA enforcement office for appropriate action.

    This type of referral is extremely rare. Knowledge of your workplace hazards and ways to eliminate them can only improve your own operations-and the management of your firm. You will get professional advice and assistance on the correction of workplace hazards and benefit from on-site training and assistance provided. The consultant can help you establish or strengthen an employee safety and health program, making safety and health activities routine rather than crisis-oriented responses.

    This program is designed to provide incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard employers to develop, implement and continuously improve effective safety and health programs at their worksite s. SHARP provides recognition of employers who have demonstrated exemplary achievements in workplace safety and health, beginning with a comprehensive safety and health consultation visit, correction of all workplace safety and health hazards, adoption and implementation of effective safety and health management systems, and agreement to request further consultative visits if major changes in working conditions or processes occur that may introduce new hazards.

    For a list of consultation projects in each state, see the OSHA website at www. OSHA's VPP provide an opportunity for labor, management and government to work together cooperatively to further the goal of providing effective safety and health protection in the workplace. The VPP grant recognition to worksites that provide or are committed to providing effective protection for their employees through implementation of systematically managed safety and health programs.

    The Star Program is for worksites that have at least one year's experience with an effectively implemented safety and health program. The Merit Program is for worksites working toward an effectively implemented program. The Demonstration Program is for worksites with programs at Star quality but with some aspect of their program that requires further study by OSHA. OSPP is designed to enable groups of employers, employees and employee representatives to partner with OSHA and enter into an extended, voluntary, cooperative relationship in order to encourage, assist and recognize efforts to eliminate serious hazards and achieve a high level of worker safety and health.

    Alliances are goal-oriented written agreements between OSHA and organizations to work together to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses. Organizations include employers, employees, labor unions, trade or professional groups, educational institutions and government agencies.


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    Alliances focus on one or more of the following goals: training and education, outreach and communications, and promoting the national dialogue on occupational safety and health. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of encourages states to develop and operate their own job safety and health programs. OSHA approves and monitors state plans and provides up to 50 percent of an approved plan's operating costs. These state plans operate under authority of state law and are required to be, in structure and performance, "at least as effective as" the Federal OSHA Program.

    Although many states have adopted standards and procedures identical to Federal standards, states may have different or additional requirements parallel to those described in the Federal program. To determine which set of standards and regulations apply to you, you need to know whether you are covered by a state plan or subject to Federal OSHA.

    If you are subject to state enforcement, the OSHA Area Office will refer you to your state office which can provide all relevant information, such as whether the state is using the Federal standards, information on the poster and recordkeeping requirements, and special services available to small businesses. The state office also can provide you with further assistance, including directing you to the free, on-site consultation services described above. See the list of OSHA-approved state plans at www. The following publications are available from the U. All prices are subject to change by GPO.

    Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, phone toll-free The VPPPA is willing to provide information, outreach, and mentoring to help work-sites improve their safety and health programs. Chapters of the national association have been formed in most OSHA regions.

    Members of these chapters also are willing to provide the kind of assistance provided by the national organization. To contact the VPPPA national organization, please call or write to the following address:. The U. Small Business Administration SBA administers the Small Business Development Center Program to provide management and technical assistance to current and prospective small business owners.

    Virgin Islands, with more than 1, service centers across the country. SBDC assistance is tailored to the local community and the needs of individual clients and designed to deliver up-to-date counseling, training, and technical assistance. Services could include helping small businesses with financial, marketing, production, organization, engineering, and technical problems. Department of Health and Human Services. OSHA is a regulatory agency in the U.

    NIOSH conducts research and makes recommendations to prevent work-related illness and injury. NIOSH has produced a useful guide, Safety and Health Resource Guide for Small Businesses , with telephone numbers, e-mail and Internet addresses, and mailing information to enable small businesses to contact government agencies, private organizations, consultants, and others who can help with occupational safety and health issues.

    Many workers' compensation carriers, as well as many liability and fire insurance companies, conduct periodic inspections and visits to evaluate safety and health hazards. Managers of small and medium-sized businesses need to know what services are available from these sources. Contact your carrier and see what it has to offer. Because of the increase in job safety and health awareness resulting from OSHA activities, many trade associations and employer groups have put a new emphasis on safety and health matters to better serve their members.

    If you are a member of such a group, find out how it is assisting its members. If you are not a member, find out if these groups are circulating their materials to nonmembers, as many do. If your employees are organized, set up some communications, as you do in normal labor relations, to get coordinated action on hazards in your business. Safety and health is one area where advance planning will produce action on common goals.

    Many trade unions have safety and health expertise that they are willing to share. If you have a local chapter of the NSC in your area, you can call or visit to see how you can use materials pertaining to your business. If there is no chapter nearby, you can write to:. The following professional associations are an additional resource that may be able to provide assistance to you:.

    Talk to your local doctors or clinics for advice on workplace medical matters on a consulting basis. Contact your local Red Cross chapter for assistance in first aid training. If you cannot identify a local chapter, call or write to:. Many local or university libraries contain information on specific safety and health subjects pertaining to your business. This book provides strategies you need to conquer your fears, capitalize on your strengths and make the most of the opportinities that come your way.

    With the help of this book, you can do more than just survive your early days in your new job. Who knows, you may even enjoy them! Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Other Editions 1. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

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    Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. It starts as a good book, but as it drags it along just gets boring. I would say they should have kept the first 5 chapters I mean the new kid will be senior before he is done with all the steps. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. About Frances Kay. Frances Kay. She has worked with gypsies, prisoners and children in the U.

    She is married to musician Nico Brown. They have two daughters.